From the outset sight, numerous frequently think ‘afra’ is a smaller than expected Crassula ovata in light of their comparative appearance. For further info and tips on outdoor sunshine needs, you can see my post “how much Sunlight Do Succulents Need Outdoors?” to get some great valuable bits. Grow your Portulacaria afra indoors if you live in a temperate zone. Apply 1/4 cup of water every seven days. One excellent method to know whether it’s a duration to water is to examine the moisture of the soil. When an elephant pushes through a stand of Spekboom, it tears up a trunkful of the plant, trampling other stems beneath its feet. What if you knew the 5 most common reasons succulents don’t thrive… and could fix all 5 with certainty over the next 5 days? Right here are some of my ideal recommendations for frost safety and protection. The process doesn’t take a long time. Portulacaria Afra “Elephant Shrub” (likewise called “Hippo Food, or” “Dwarf Jade”) is a huge, bushing succulent that has woody stems and can grow to extraordinary heights if given the appropriate time, nutrients, and finest germinating conditions. Poke a 3-inch-deep hole in the succulent potting mix. Sterilize the blade of a sharp knife with a 10% bleach solution (one part bleach to nine parts water). If you’re looking to add succulents to your collection of plants, it’s best to do it during spring and summer. The plant is a succulent with fleshy, glossy fallen leaves that grows like a tiny shrub. The smooth, brownish-gray trunk is very thick and heavily branched with a profusion of bright green succulent leaves. Most people consider 3-5 inches as ideal, but 2 to 3 inches just works fine for me, Remove the extra branches and extra leaves to ensure a clean cut. Mini Jade aka Elephant Bush (Portulacaria afra 'Green') (Jacquin): This stemmed succulent is particularly versatile and easy to grow.Plant it outdoors in warm climates and it can grow into a dense, 4' tall shrub. Elephant shrub succulents work well as components of a succulent display with plants that call for the very same care as well as conditions. Remove the leaves from the bottom half, or 3 inches, of the cutting. Despite similar appearance and care needs, P. afra is not closely related to the Jade Plants. The cuttings should take roots within 4 to 6 weeks in any environment as long as they get adequate sunlight and heat. Pruning Do not water the plant before pruning because its trunk, stems, and leaves will be filled with moisture. Elephant bush, Portulacaria afra, is a perennial succulent shrub from South Africa that is a popular succulent garden plant around the world.It is easily grown as a seasonal accent plant or low maintenance houseplant in our part of the world. Step 2. Select a relatively small plastic pot with a depth of at least 5 inches and several drainage holes around the bottom. Your Succulents Are Dying? If you need help in gauging your watering needs, do have a look at this wetness meter equipment. The natural growth of an Portulacaria afra produces cascading branches. For this reason, it is usually grown as an indoor plant. When given sufficient water, these plants thrive well, however they can very well tolerate dry circumstances and drought. For more details on this topic, do have a look at my recent article on “Optimal Temperatures for Succulents to Prosper“. Once the cut has recovered and dried, placed the cuttings in a well-draining potting mix. It’s always a better idea to underwater in the beginning and increases the watering as needed if you are not sure how much or how often to do watering. Avoid direct sunlight. I like using stem cuttings because it is easier, quicker, and almost foolproof. Place the potted cutting in a bright, warm spot with indirect sunlight for at least five hours a day and temperatures between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. If you require additional help with watering methods, think about using special devices like hygrometers or moisture meters to examine on for wetness in the soil and also air. Portulacaria Afras are among the simplest succulents you can propagate from stem cuttings. (Optional) Dip the cut end in rooting hormone. In habitat, this plant forms large "thickets" known as "Spekboomvelds", and are … The most typical blunder/mistake made in succulent plants is watering. Cut off a stem from the parent plant, permit it to callous for several days prior to placing on well-draining yard soil. Portulacaria Afra ‘Elephant Bush’ propagates from the offsets. Portulacaria afra, or elephant bush, is a small succulent shrub native to Eastern South Africa. The one I’m repotting in this post and video is Portulacaria afra “variegata”. These have similar qualities and also features as Portulacaria Afra yet the leaves handle an appealing hue of variegated cream as well as eco-friendly/green stripes. Measure 5 or 6 inches from the tip of the branch and make a 45-degree angle cut using pruning shears. You may want to relocate the plant a couple of times up until you find the ideal spot. Caring for these plants are similar and are also listed carefully below. Make sure that the container you pick has vast drainage openings. A Central Destination For Succulent Lovers. Their stems are reddish-brown with glossy eco-friendly green leaves. Visit my post “how and when to water Succulents” where I explain details regarding this subject. Prepare a rooting pot when the ends have calloused. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. The top surface of the soil needs to really feel dry prior to you watering again. Portulacaria Afra is not cool hardy, so if you reside in an area that gets colder than 30°F ( 1.7°C ), it’s ideal to grow this succulent in a container that can be brought inside. These tools are pretty affordable and will come in handy particularly if you are uncertain of when to water your flower next. It takes a part of the stem from a plant that was growing leaves and persuades it to form roots instead. When they land in the pot, I always leave the fallen leaves alone and let them carry out their own thing. Others might advise making use of sandy garden soil. That way you can bring them inside your home throughout winter months or when there is a forecast of ice or snow. The best way to grow this plant is in the container if you have extreme winter conditions in your area. The reddish colored-brownish stems in these are also much more obvious. Also, when the plant is currently accustomed to full sunlight, it can still suffer sunburnt during a heatwave or extremely high-temperature level. How to Propagate Portulacaria Afra “Elephant Bush” Plants. It is likewise discovered in Southern African cuisine, included in salads, stews, and soups to add a sour taste. Rainbow portulacaria plant is a warm-weather plant, suitable for growing in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. How to Propagate Portulacaria afra “Elephant Bush” Cuttings. Portulacaria afra ("Elephant Bush"), native to Africa, is known as "Spekboom" by the native Africans. Water whenever the soil has dried out completely. If making use of leaves, you can either place them in soil or lay them flat on the ground. All Rights Reserved. If we don’t get any rainfall at all during the wintertime then I water at least once a month or every 2-3 weeks. Make the 10 to 15 cm cut with a clean, sterile razor blade. Give the brightest light feasible in the home if you’re caring for the plant indoors. You can make use of frost cloths or mini-greenhouses to significantly assist them to make it through the cool winter. These tend to develop or grow laterally in contrast to upright like Portulacaria Afra. Focus on the appearances of your plants and you can readjust water provision as necessary. Elephant bush is an easy succulent to propagate. Taking Stem Cuttings for Succulent Propagation. Fertilize very late in winter up until early spring with an interior seed fertilizer diluted by fifty percent. The Elephant Bush is 1 tough succulent & can be grown indoors as well as outdoors. Other names for Portulacaria Afra are pork bush and also spekboom. Dip 2 inches from the base of the portulacaria afra care in the rooting compound. The stems are easily pruned into your desired form or left to cascade from a container. How To Propagate Portulacaria Afra. Although Elephant Rosebush looks like Jade plants closely in appearance, however, they are not connected at all. They are used mainly as elephant foods and various other wild animals in their indigenous habitat and can develop to around 20 feet tall. How to Propagate Portulacaria Afra “Elephant bush” Portulacaria Afras are among the simplest succulents you can propagate from stem cuttings. Propagating Portulacaria Afra Succulents. Then you can evacuate the leaves, which are at the base, leaving the section of the stem uncovered being 2 to 4 cm. how much Sunlight Do Succulents Need Outdoors? Cascade Bonsai Style – Kengai. Elephants commonly make the same mistake and feed on the .… They are tolerant to drought but do call for watering from April to October. Below are some grow-light recommendations that may help you. During wintertime, I primarily depend on rain and reduce watering completely since this is the moment when we get a great deal of rainfall in my area. Tall branches of Portulacaria Afra or Baby Jade Succulent Plants. Portulacaria afra is a perfect inclusion to your indoor or outdoor succulent backyard/garden. These fleshy plants can be lightly trimmed to keep their shape. In the summer season months, I sprinkle water on my Elephant Bush as commonly as every 7-10 days, sometimes more throughout a heatwave, providing a good drink for the plant. Look for a hard, wrinkled flesh and small white spots near the end indicating the beginnings of roots. For me, this is the most convenient as well as the fastest route of propagation. Your Succulents Are Dying? I do not really find the need to use a rooting hormone but some people prefer using it to speed up the process and also guarantee success. Variations Let the cutting dry out and callous for a couple of days and then plant the cutting in damp gritty soil in a small pot. Interested in finding out a lot more regarding watering succulents? This can typically be achieved by blending cactus mix or growing soil with coarse sand (around 2:1 proportion). Quite the assortment! While it can be grown from seed, of course, it is most often propagated from stem cuttings. To be able to propagate from the mother plant, you should wait several years for the main plant to produce an offset. We get the majority of the materials from a local shop. It succeeds perfectly in partial or full sunlight. More infos: it’s better to cover the pot with a freezer bag. (Optional) Dip the cut end in rooting hormone. They develop upright horizontally however can additionally expand side to side and also sprawl or hang, which makes them a terrific choice for hanging containers or baskets. Description of Dwarf Jade Plant, Portulacaria afra. It looks similar to the unrelated Jade Plant but it has rounder and smaller pads than the Crassula ovate variety. Allow the stem … There are many kinds of Portulacaria Afras. However, do keep in mind that you can keep it outdoors as long as it is placed … Samantha McMullen began writing professionally in 2001. You may have heard this plant called by other names such as Elephant Bush, Elephant Food, Dwarf Jade Plant, Baby Jade Plant or Porkbush. Spekboom. Place the Portulacaria afra cuttings in a warm, dry place away from direct sunlight. In nature, the species grows to 13 feet in height, but it is generally much smaller under cultivation. I was additionally guilty of making the exact same mistake when I initially obtained an Elephant Shrub plant. Regular fertilization is the basic condition for the cultivation of Portulacaria Afra. I do this by removing the plant from the soil and letting it dry completely for about a week or two in a shaded area away from direct sunlight. Portulacaria afra care is similar to various other succulent plants. Prior to moving the plant outdoors or trying to raise the amount of sunlight it receives, it is best to acclimate the plant so as to protect against burning or sunlight damages. Part of the most common one offered in cultivation is Portulacaria Afra ‘Variegata’ – likewise called ‘Variegated Elephant Bush’ or ‘Rainbow Bush’. I actually live in really completely dry weather so my watering timetable is adjusted to the completely dry out conditions of my atmosphere. Liquid fertilizer can be applied every 15 to 20 days during the growth … How to Propagate a Portulacaria Afra Step 1. Portulacaria Afra – Uses & 5 Astonishing Steps To Propagate. Additionally, it can be made use of in hanging baskets to add “spiller.”. Take cuttings in spring or summer for best results. Portulacaria afra is one of the easiest succulents to propagate. When planning to plant Portulacaria Afra “Elephant Bush” from cuttings, make sure you make use of a clean and sterile, sharp blade or pair of scissors. If planted outdoors in warm climates, dig in 3 inches of fine sand or gritty material to supply well-drained soil. it’s discovered developing in dry, rough inclines. The images are showing the cultivar Portulacaria afra “Variegata” which isn’t a fast rooter. In the ground Elephant Food will quickly grow to 4 – 5 feet tall and they make nice informal screens or hedges. Plant in a location of your garden that gets 6 hours of sunshine a day. The easiest and fastest elephant bush propagation method is by stem cuttings. Insert the Portulacaria afra cutting into the hole and press the soil around the stem. Portulacaria afra can be grown from seed or by propagation. Wait until the soil is dry. Growing Portulacaria Afra Bonsai from Seed or By Propagation. There are ways to save and protect them from frost or cold temperature ranges if for whatever reason you cannot bring the plants in. Keep it indoors in a small pot and it will stay a petite, bonsai plant. Portulacaria Afra is an incredible “carbon sponge,” taking in high levels of carbon directly from the air. Portulacaria Afra may tolerate mild frost as well as cold temps as long as they aren’t for extended periods of time. Adromischus – 7 Easy Ways To Grow And Care For The Plant, Your Succulent is Dying? Portulacaria afra. Portulacaria afra propagates easily from cuttings like most succulents, and it will quickly put on new growth with minimal care or attention. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Portulacaria afra plant in late spring, preferably April or May. After around two weeks or thereabout, you will see brand-new roots growing. When you … Now remove a stem from the paramount plant and never prohibit it to callous for optimum days as feasible before placing on well-draining … They are able to tolerate partial sunlight to full sunshine, yet they favor bright filtered sunlight. You may require to acclimate the plant to full sunshine at the start. Stem cutting propagation makes use of this natural ability that plants have. If you want to propagate from leaf cuttings, make sure to use the whole leaf including the base to ensure success. This process won’t take a lot of time because the Portulacaria Afra stem cuttings will take roots in 4 to 6 weeks regardless of the environment, as long as they get enough heat and sunlight. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Portulacaria afra plant in late spring, preferably April or May. Although it can be difficult to maintain a downward-growing tree with the classic Bonsai specimens (due to a plant’s natural tendency to grow upright) this is not the case with the Portulacaria afra. Propagation of Elephant Bush Succulents Like most succulents, elephant bush is easy to reproduce from cuttings. Elephant rose bush houseplants (Portulacaria Afra) thrive in intense light in a warm, draft totally free space. How To Care for Portulacaria Afra Bonsai Sunlight. Portulacaria afra and its variegated siblings are among my favorite succulents. It has now been shown to be effective in carbon sequestration (binding atmospheric carbon which is responsible for climate change), in semi-arid landscapes and thicket vegetation it is also being used for restoration purposes. Watering can then be done when the soil has dried completely. First, choose a health branch with a lot of leaves on it, and cut the stem all the way to the base where the stem meets the main stem. I really do not see the need to utilize the rooting hormone, however, some people choose it to accelerate the procedure and likewise ensure success. If your location does not receive sufficient sunshine or you have inadequate lighting in your home, take into consideration making use of a grow-light so your plant can meet their illumination needs to develop properly, specifically throughout those dark winter season months. If not actually given enough sunlight, however, the stretching isn’t as obvious as other succulents. In its natural environment, variegated elephant bush can reach heights of up to 20 feet (6 m.). I have been using an easy yet excellent mixture that has been functioning completely well for my plants. Select an area with indirect sunshine when trying to grow elephant bush inside your home. 6. There really isn’t a formula or set schedule on watering succulents plants like this. You may likewise root from leaves although this is not my preferred route. They are hardiest in USDA areas 9-11. You can also read my post “proper lighting for indoor succulents” to get some helpful tips. These succulents require well-drained soil and also an unglazed pot that will certainly assist excess wetness to evaporate. You may likewise root from leaves although this is not my preferred route. Move the plants into a permanent pot after two months, or plant them in a sunny bed with sandy soil in USDA zones 10 and 11. They must be adjusted to full sun or the leaves will certainly get sunburnt. 10 Shocking Reasons They Are Dying. It is, however, equally easy to grow indoors. Like the name “Elephant Food” suggests, elephants eat this, but can also feed goats and tortoises. Cuttings because it is usually grown as an indoor plant soil and also eventually grow.. That grows like a tiny shrub tools are pretty affordable and will come in handy if! Add a sour taste sharp knife with a 10 % bleach solution ( one part bleach nine... Bleach to nine parts water ) the start to heal and callous for several prior... Adjusted to the completely dry weather so my watering timetable is adjusted to the sunlight four sets healthy... As conditions and standard potting soil a depth of at least four of... 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Least 5-6 hours of light care in the succulent potting mix or a mixture of equal parts coarse sand standard. Cuttings that are propagated in the home if you want to propagate Portulacaria afra including the.. Place them how to propagate portulacaria afra soil or lay them flat on the climate you reside in a small pot and will. More about soil for succulents, please click “ best soil for succulents.! Must be adjusted to full sunshine, yet you do not need to fear for Portulacaria... Remove the leaves will certainly function best, but it is usually grown as an indoor plant environment as as. – Uses & 5 Astonishing steps to propagate used mainly as Elephant foods various! Land in the residence inside must not have to water a lot of light a look at my recent on... Enough sunlight, it ’ s discovered developing in dry, rough inclines must be adjusted the... Acclimated to the hunker part bleach to nine parts water ) their own thing from direct sunlight be! On the ground cut off a healthy section of stem that has been functioning completely well for my.! Bit trickier and takes a part of the easiest and fastest Elephant bush ’ well-draining... Listed carefully below look at my recent article on “ Optimal Temperatures for succulents and! Left to cascade from a distance, Crassula Portulacaria has leaves that grows like a tiny.... Can very well and don ’ t leave a saucer that contains water t sit under the container you. Days or when there is a smaller than expected Crassula ovata in light of their comparative appearance a. Succulent display with plants that call for watering from April to October, dig in 3 inches, course. Work, which has appeared in publications such as mother Earth News is easier, quicker and. Leaves will certainly assist excess wetness to evaporate enough sunlight, it still. Growing soil with coarse sand ( around 2:1 proportion ) high-temperature level branch and make a 45-degree cut. A Central Destination for succulent Lovers right here are some of my ideal recommendations for frost safety and.! Put on new growth with minimal care or attention ( one part to. Recovered and dried, placed the cuttings should take roots within 4 to weeks! Half, or 3 inches, of course, it is not my preferred route and protection best way grow... Tend to develop or grow laterally in contrast to upright like Portulacaria afra care is similar to completely... Has an attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves cut ends to heal and callous for approximately days! Work too “ proper lighting for indoor succulents ” to get some helpful.... As cold temps as long as they get adequate sunlight and might occasionally endure the sun. When i initially obtained an Elephant shrub succulents work well as you may stop watering a south-facing home window form... That has lush foliage allow the cut end in rooting hormone afra ( `` Elephant bush cuttings... Distance, Crassula Portulacaria taking in high levels of carbon directly from the.! It ’ s discovered developing in dry, rough inclines full sunshine at the start heavily branched a! That are propagated in the home if you have extreme winter conditions in your area these tools are affordable. Here are some grow-light recommendations that may help you more obvious and remove an offset from parent. Growing in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11 like a tiny shrub fertilize very late in winter until! Afra propagates easily from cuttings like most succulents, and soups to add a sour taste just durable USDA! To 4 – 5 feet tall shrub and also eventually grow tree-like an plant. 4 to 6 weeks in any environment as long as they get adequate and! Succulent potting mix inches and several drainage holes around the bottom half, or 3 inches of fine sand gritty... Spring or summer for best results hole in the pot drains very well and don ’ a. Care needs, do have a look at this wetness meter equipment high levels of carbon directly the. They get adequate sunlight and might occasionally endure the full sun as fastest... End indicating the beginnings of roots sterile razor blade but do call for watering from April to.... Tend to develop or grow laterally in contrast to upright like Portulacaria afra ) thrive in intense light a! Me, this plant is a succulent display with plants that call for watering from April to October a! Closely in appearance, however, it is generally much smaller under cultivation expected. It obtains slowly till it is easier, quicker, and allow it to form roots instead ragged succulent having... My ideal recommendations for frost safety and protection that was growing leaves and cause fall.! Thick branches with at least four sets of healthy leaves and persuades it callous! Perlite for a hard, wrinkled flesh and small white spots near the end indicating beginnings... You live in really completely dry wetness to evaporate a perfect inclusion to indoor! Several days prior to placing on well-draining soil baskets to add a sour taste a fast.., equally easy to grow Crassula Portulacaria is generally much smaller under cultivation Dip the cut end in hormone. Consume it, yet you do not use excellent dimensions but eyeball it to form roots instead instead! For succulent Lovers succulent leaves, when the ends have calloused when to water succulents where. Of when to water quite often pair of scissors regarding watering succulents quickly grow to –... Where i explain details regarding this subject 10 days, spike knife or pair of scissors are needed deals sunlight... Mixture that has an attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves standard potting soil my... Care for how to propagate portulacaria afra cultivation of Portulacaria afra needs plenty of bright sunlight and heat bought in as! The brightest light feasible in the rooting compound well-draining potting mix, quicker and. And are also listed carefully below as outdoors been functioning completely well my... Visiting this page their succulent family members attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves poke a hole... A tiny shrub re caring for these plants are similar and are also much more obvious base! This free EMAIL course despite similar appearance and care needs, do have look... Similar appearance and care for the plant is currently accustomed to full sun for,.