westminster larger catechism

westminster larger catechism

20:5-6; Ps. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made; and by working and quickening in our hearts (although not in all persons, nor at all times, in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces, which are requisite for the right performance of that duty. 101. 6:17-18; Isa. HFcuL�m�H�u>�T�3F7�5�}?�~�`�_0�K�:M������ ˰ �C�-��!L��_�"/@��4�u�|�]�b���҄�0�#!�zR The Westminster Larger Catechism The 1647 Westminster Confession and Subordinate Documents Today, many Christians are turning back to the puritans to, “walk in the old paths,” of God’s word, and to continue to proclaim old truth that glorifies Jesus Christ. A. 2:10-11; Ex. A. Q. A. 1 Cor. 2:8; Heb. The Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper agree, in that the author of both is God; the spiritual part of both is Christ and his benefits; both are seals of the same covenant, are to be dispensed by ministers of the gospel and by none other; and to be continued in the Church of Christ until his second coming. 73:3; Ps. 4:11-12; 1 Tim. 37:21; Luke 16:10-12; Ezek. 2:17; Rom. 25:33. 44:6; Ex. Of what use is the moral law to all men? 16:5; Jer. How do the Sacraments become effectual means of salvation? 8:6, 8. What is God’s providence toward the angels? A. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having after his resurrection often appeared unto and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God, and giving them commission to preach the gospel to all nations, forty days after his resurrection, he, in our nature and as our head, triumphing over enemies, visibly went up into the highest heavens, there to receive gifts for men, to raise up our affections thither, and to prepare a place for us, where himself is and shall continue till his second coming at the end of the world. 4:5; Heb. The Scriptures make known what God is, the persons in the Godhead, his decrees, and the execution of his decrees. 2:11-12; Heb. 5:12-14; Luke 12:42; Acts 18:25; 2 Cor. 66:18-20; Isa. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind? 10:16; Rom. A. Which is the third commandment? 4:6; 1 Tim. 13:5; Matt. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the Word, an effectual means of enlightening, convincing, and humbling sinners; of driving them out of themselves, and drawing them unto Christ; of conforming them to his image, and subduing them to his will; of strengthening them against temptations and corruptions; of building them up in grace, and establishing their hearts in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation. 6:32-33; Josh. The Lord’s Prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern, according to which we are to make other prayers; but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer. 8:17. 20:8; Ex. 3:39; Rom. 1:16. 26:38; Luke 1:27, 31, 35, 42; Gal. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth; putting the creatures under his dominion, and ordaining marriage for his help; affording him communion with Himself; instituting the Sabbath; entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience, of which the tree of life was a pledge; and forbidding to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death. Ex. A. 140:4-8. Rom. Q. 5:22; Eph. 1:3; Ps. 1 Pet. 73:24-28; John 17:21-23. 69. The Sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not by any power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are administered; but only by the working of the Holy Ghost, and the blessing of Christ by whom they are instituted. 71. 8:16; 3 John 1:12; Prov. 3:5; Prov. 2:17-24; Gal. What special use is there of the moral law to the regenerate? Q. 22:12; Ps. 12:48; Acts 2:38; 1 Cor. A. 4:24; Rom. 33. 5:27; Luke 23:43; Phil. A. 2:22-24. The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man, and the good name of our neighbor, as well as our own: appearing and standing for the truth; and from the heart, sincerely, freely, clearly, and fully, speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice, and in all other things whatsoever; a charitable esteem of our neighbors; loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name; sorrowing for, and covering of their infirmities; freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces, defending their innocency; a ready receiving of good report, and unwillingness to admit of an evil report, concerning them; discouraging tale-bearers, flatterers, and slanderers; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth; keeping of lawful promises; study and practising of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report. Robert Baillie and other Scottish delegates found the work disappointing. Q. The members of the invisible Church have communicated to them in this life the first-fruits of glory with Christ, as they are members of him their head, and so in him are interested in that glory which he is fully possessed of; and, as an earnest thereof, enjoy the sense of God’s love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, and hope of glory; as, on the contrary, sense of God’s revenging wrath, horror of conscience, and a fearful expectation of judgment, are to the wicked the beginning of their torments which they shall endure after death. 37:1, 7; 2 Thess. 145:17; Ps. 28:15-68; Deut. Phil. 6:2-3; Matt. 10:21-22, 24; Ps. Q. What do the Scriptures principally teach? Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, transgressed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit, and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created. 1:30; 2 Tim. 13:14; John 10:30. 112:9-10; Neh. What do we pray for in the fourth petition? The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all prejudicing the truth, and the good name of our neighbors, as well as our own, especially in public judicature; giving false evidence; suborning false witnesses; wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil cause; out-facing and overbearing the truth; passing unjust sentence; calling evil good, and good evil; rewarding the wicked according to the work of the righteous, and the righteous according to the work of the wicked; forgery; concealing the truth; undue silence in a just cause, and holding our peace when iniquity calleth for either a reproof from ourselves, or complaint to others; speaking the truth unseasonably, or maliciously to a wrong end, or perverting it to a wrong meaning, or in doubtful and equivocal expressions, to the prejudice of truth or justice; speaking untruth, lying, slandering, backbiting, detracting, tale-bearing, whispering, scoffing, reviling, rash, harsh, and partial censuring; misconstructing intentions, words, and actions; flattering, vain-glorious boasting, thinking or speaking too highly or too meanly of ourselves or others; denying the gifts and graces of God; aggravating smaller faults; hiding, excusing, or extenuating of sins, when called to a free confession; unnecessary discovering of infirmities; raising false rumours, receiving and countenancing evil reports, and stopping our ears against just defence; evil suspicion; envying or grieving at the deserved credit of any, endeavouring or desiring to impair it, rejoicing in their disgrace and infamy; scornful contempt; fond admiration; breach of lawful promises; neglecting such things as are of good report; and practicing or not avoiding ourselves, or not hindering what we can in others, such things as procure an ill name. 15:4; Rom. A. 2:1; Ps. 2:4; Matt. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children, have his name put upon them, the Spirit of his Son given to them, are under his fatherly care and dispensations, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory. It is not for the faint hearted as it will take many hours of study if full justice is to be done to its contents. 7:23-24; 1 Chr. 4:6; Jer. 14:16; Rev. 6:10; 1 Tim. 3:16; Ps. 12:14; 1 Thess. 25:31; 2 Sam. A. 6:2-3; Ps. 31:23. 3. 9:4; Eph. Q. 115:1-18; Isa. A. 5:25; Deut. 4:6, 8; Ezek. Jas. 19:13; Zeph. To read from the beginning, please click here. The needful but much neglected duty of improving our Baptism, is to be performed by us all our life long, especially in the time of temptation, and when we are present at the administration of it to others, by serious and thankful consideration of the nature of it, and of the ends for which Christ instituted it, the privileges and benefits conferred and sealed thereby, and our solemn vow made therein; by being humbled for our sinful defilement, our falling short of, and walking contrary to, the grace of the Baptism and our engagements; by growing up to assurance of pardon of sin, and of all other blessings sealed to us in that Sacrament; by drawing strength from the death and resurrection of Christ, into whom we are baptized, for the mortifying of sin, and quickening of grace; and by endeavoring to live by faith, to have our conversation in holiness and righteousness, as those that have therein given up their names to Christ; and to walk in brotherly love, as being baptized by the same Spirit into one body. Q. It was requisite that the Mediator, who was to reconcile God and man, should himself be both God and man, and this in one person, that the proper works of each nature might be accepted of God for us, and relied on by us, as the works of the whole person. 3:8; Job 36:21; Heb. 5:8; 1 Cor. 4:30; Ezek. 31. 1:18; Ps. The Scriptures manifest themselves to be the Word of God, by their majesty g and purity; h by the consent of all the parts, i and the scope of the whole, which is to give all glory to God;k by their light leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. 3:24; Rom. 1:20-24; John 4:22; Rom. 103:20-21; 2 Pet. A. What is the duty of Christians, after they have received the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper? 4:7; Rom. 30:18-19; Matt. The sins forbidden in the third commandment are, the not using of God’s name as is required; and the abuse of it in an ignorant, vain, irreverent, profane, superstitious, or wicked mentioning or otherwise using his titles, attributes, ordinances, or works, by blasphemy, perjury; all sinful cursings, oaths, vows, and lots; violating of our oaths and vows, if lawful; and fulfilling them, if of things unlawful; murmuring and quarreling at, curious prying into, and misapplying of God’s decrees and providences; misinterpreting, misapplying, or any way perverting the Word, or any part of it, to profane jests, curious or unprofitable questions, vain janglings, or the maintaining of false doctrines; abusing it, the creatures, or any thing contained under the name of God, to charms, or sinful lusts and practices; the maligning, scorning, reviling, or any wise opposing of God’s truth, grace, and ways; making profession of religion in hypocrisy, or for sinister ends; being ashamed of it, or a shame to it, by unconformable, unwise, unfruitful and offensive walking, or backsliding from it. 40:11, 29, 31; Matt. 3:13-16; Deut. Q. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God, and deep sense of our unworthiness, necessities, and sins; with penitent, thankful, and enlarged hearts; with understanding, faith, sincerity, fervency, love, and perseverance, waiting upon him, with humble submission to his will. From the parties offended: if immediately against God, his attributes, and worship; against Christ, and his grace; the Holy Spirit, his witness, and workings; against superiors, men of eminency, and such as we stand especially related and engaged unto; against any of the saints, particularly weak brethren, the souls of them or any other, and the common good of all or many. 118:22, 24; Acts 4:10-11; Rev. 163. 23:1; Prov. 47. 8:11; Ecc. 11. 8:1-3; Matt. A. God’s works of providence are his most holy, wise, and powerful preserving, and governing all his creatures; ordering them, and all their actions, to his own glory. 2:14; Rom. 2:6. 2:5. Q. Q. 103:1; Ps. 2:6; Rom. Heb. Matt. 20:8;Luke 23:54, 56; Ex. Q. 14. 30:22. 65. Why is the word remember set in the beginning of the fourth commandment? What is the chief and highest end of man? Q. 4:4-5; Rom. 28:9; 1 Tim. 13:13-14; 1 Kings 21:9-10; Jude 1:4: Acts 13:45; 1 John 3:12; Ps. 8:13; Ex. 30:6. 5:16; 1 Tim. Q. What is justifying faith? 4:28; Ex. 117. Matt. 10:16; Rom. A. 5:4; Prov. A. Justifying faith is a saving grace, wrought in the heart of a sinner, by the Spirit and Word of God, whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condition, not only assenteth to the truth of the promise of the gospel, but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness therein held forth, for pardon of sin, and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the sight of God for salvation. Q. Ps. 1:4; Rom. 55:12-15; Zeph. A. 5:7; Heb. 26:26. 76. 8:17; Dan. Q. 8:8; Acts 26:18; Ps. 14:11; 1 Cor. 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